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Personal pronouns

Ah is used for 1st person sing.; ye for 2nd person in unstressed positions; you for emphasis; youse plural.

1Ah or Iwe
2ye, youye, you, youse
3he, she, itthey

In the oblique case we have:

2ye, youye, you, youse
3him, her, itthem

Sometimes us is used as a singular as in Gies a piece! (Give me a sandwich!)

In Shetland, du (subject) and dee (object) are used familiarly; in Orkney, thoo (subject) and thee (object) are used familiarly


1maoor or wir
2yer, youryer, your
3his, her, itsthir, their

Possessives are used in Scots where they would not be used in English: Whit're ye gettin for yer Christmas? (in English, 'What are you getting for Christmas?'); Ah'm awa tae ma bed; Ah'm gaun ma holidays the morn.

Where not used as a determiner, the possessive pronouns are more regular than in English: That buik is mines; yours, his hers, its, oors or wirs, yers or yours, thirs or theirs.

Relative pronouns

That (or North at) is used as a relative pronoun for both people and things, eg the lassie that dis the weather; the fowk that steyed here afore; the hoose that we steyed in afore.

Wha and wham are also used as a relative pronouns (as in Scots wha hae...) with a human antecedent. In Older Scots quhilk could be used with either a human or nonhuman antecedent and agreed with the antecedent in number: Of e sall cum mony kingis, quhilkis with lang and anciant lynage sall reioise e crovun of Scotland.

Reflexive pronouns

-sel (plural -sels) is added to the possessive adjectives (see above) to form the reflexives, eg masel, yersel, hissel, hersel, itsel, oorsels or wirsels, yersels, thirsels.